If you’ve just had a new roof installed, or are having some work done to your existing roof, it’s helpful to have a basic understanding of the terminology being used by roofing contractors. Fascias are a good example of this, because they’re a front-facing section of your roof that is crucial for keeping moisture and animals out.
What is a roof fascia?
Image from Emerald Home Improvements
A roof fascia is the vertical board (or frieze) that sits directly underneath the roof’s overhang, usually attached to the gutter. When combined with the soffit (the horizontal board that connects the walls with the fascia), they enclose the roof’s eaves.
Enclosing the roof’s eaves is important for a number of practical reasons. The rafters, trusses, and cavity of the roof are usually made of wood, and the fascia forms a part of the protective shield that prevents rain from getting into them. These wooden areas will start to rot if they are consistently wet, which can cause the roof to sag, threatening its structural integrity. In addition to excess rain, Australia has its fair share of animals too. Pigeons, sparrows, starlings, bats, rats, wasps, hornets, bees, and termites are just a few of the animals that would love to call your roof home, and a solid, well-maintained fascia and soffit blocks their entry and forces them to find somewhere else. Finally, the fascia is what secures the roof’s guttering, and keeps it in place. Because the fascia is directly underneath the guttering, and is often made of wood, it’s crucial to prevent rain from building up in the guttering, because it will spill onto the fascia and cause it to rot. Cleaning your guttering regularly is crucial for this reason.
In addition to their practical purposes, fascias are a front-facing aesthetic element that can make your house look more beautiful. Architects will decide on the material, colour, and height of your fascia, which affects how the property looks (for better or worse).
Fascias are sometimes called the “fascia board” or the “roofline,” although “fascia” by itself is the most common term in Australia.
What are the parts of a roof fascia?
Image from Pinterest
A roof fascia only really has one part: the fascia board itself. Some people may include the soffit in their description of “fascia,” but this is technically incorrect. The fascia is a single piece of material—usually wood or aluminium—that runs directly underneath the gutter.
It’s possible to purchase metal fascia covers for the fascia itself, to provide extra protection against the weather. If your guttering is working properly, and your fascia is kept dry, and primed and painted every five years or so, a fascia cover may not be necessary.
What is the difference between the fascia and soffit?
The fascia is the vertical board that runs directly underneath the gutter, and the soffit is the horizontal board that connects the fascia to the property’s wall (see the images above). Together, they enclose the eaves of the roof and protect it from rain and animals, and can also make the property look nicer.
Roof fascia types
There’s three common types of roof fascia: wooden, aluminium, and vinyl.
A wooden roof fascia. Image from IKO
Wooden fascias are the most common type for Australian homes. They are the cheapest material that can be used, and can also be painted to work with the home’s design. If the guttering system is maintained and working properly, a wooden fascia should last for years. But it’s recommended to prime and paint the fascia every five years or so. By contrast, a wooden house should be painted roughly every five to ten years, but the fascia needs a little more love because it’s directly underneath the guttering, so has a higher chance of getting wet. If you notice any discolouration or peeling spots on your fascia, you’ll want to fix these immediately to prevent rot from taking hold.
Some wood types rot more easily than others, so a builder may choose a different type of wood for fascias, such as cedar, redwood, or mesquite.
An aluminium roof fascia. Image from Husk Architectural
Aluminium is a strong material that may not look as appealing as wood, but handles rain a lot better, and is too tough for bugs and termites to chew through. Unlike wood, a well-made aluminium fascia should be pretty much maintenance-free, lasting for 30 years or longer.
It also stands up well to extreme temperatures and is available in a variety of colours (although not as plentiful as paint for wood).
One downside to aluminium is that it’s more expensive than wood, but if you’re happy with how it looks, its durability can be well worth the cost.
A vinyl roof fascia and soffit. Image from Gentek Building Products
Vinyl is the cheapest material that you can use for fascias. It doesn’t have the “premium” look of wood, but it’s an incredibly durable, water-resistant material that doesn’t rot, rust, or corrode, and so requires the least amount of maintenance compared to other types. The aesthetic is really the only downside of vinyl fascia, but who is looking that closely?
Should there be a gap between the roof and fascia?
One of the main purposes of a fascia is to prevent moisture and animals from getting into your roof cavity, so you might be concerned after finding a gap between the fascia and the roof. But don’t worry—this is perfectly normal. The gap is known as the “Builder’s Gap,” and it provides airflow to your roof cavity, which keeps the space cooler in summer and extends its life. The gap should be roughly 5cm at its maximum, which is too small for most animals to get into. And if you maintain your gutters properly, rain shouldn’t be able to reach the fascia, so you won’t need to worry about damp or rot.
Should the fascia match your roof colour? Fascia design examples
Whether a fascia matches the colour of the roof depends entirely on your design preferences. Having a fascia and roof with highly contrasting colours can look appealing because the fascia “frames” the bottom of the roof, and will stand out if the wall colour is also a contrasting colour. On the other hand, having the same colour for the fascia and roof makes the fascia seem almost like an extension of the roof (at least from far away). Many people choose to colour the fascia the same as the gutters.
Check out some of the images below for different design examples.
In this example, the fascia is a different colour to the gutters and roof, but the same colour as the walls, which makes it blend in. Image from Shutterstock.
For this home, the fascia is the same colour as the gutters and walls, but a different colour to the roof. Image from Shutterstock.
In this example, the roof and wall colours are a close grey match, while the fascia is a lighter colour, creating a “frame” effect for the roof. Image from Shutterstock.
For this home, the fascia is the same colour as the roof. It looks almost like an extension of the roof itself. Image from Shutterstock.
How much does it cost to replace a roof fascia?
Usually, when you replace a fascia, you also replace your gutters. To replace these on a small-sized home costs roughly $4,300 in Australia, but this cost varies dramatically depending on the materials used, the style of the house, and your location.
If you’d like a quote on replacing your fascia and guttering, get in touch and we’ll be happy to help.
The fascia is also known as a “transition trim” between the home and the roofline. The fascia supports the shingles and helps to keep moisture out. Your soffit and fascia protect your roof and allow ventilation for your home. These are important components, but they usually don't get (or require) much attention.What is a fascia of a roof? ›
The fascia board is the long, straight board that runs along the lower edge of the roof. The fascia is fixed directly to the lower ends of the roof trusses and usually does all the work of supporting the lower edge of the bottom row of tiles. The fascia board also carries all the guttering.What is the purpose of fascias? ›
The role of fascias and soffits
The fascia acts as a vertical barrier between the outside and the edge of your roof, meaning it bears the brunt of the elements and protects the roof and the interior of your home from weather damage.
Fascia boards and trim are essential to every home. Fascia provides a solid foundation and support system for the gutters, while also working to keep pests out of the roof cavity. In many cases, fascia works with soffits to provide essential ventilation to the roofing cavity and interiors of a home.Do you need fascia? ›
While a fascia isn't always necessary for a home or roof, soffits generally are. Without a soffit, not only would the home not have a finished appearance, but the rafters and eaves would be exposed to the elements, and at risk for problems like wood rot, interior leaks, mold growth, and roof deck failure.Why soffits and fascias are important? ›
These architectural elements found along the eave area do more than just add visual interest and give a finished look to your home. They help protect the exterior of your house by keeping out pests like bats, birds and squirrels, and give you a way to disguise ventilation for your attic.What are the 3 types of fascia? ›
- Classification System.
- Superficial Fascia.
- Visceral Fascia.
- Parietal Fascia.
Fascia (/ˈfeɪʃə/) is an architectural term for a vertical frieze or band under a roof edge, or which forms the outer surface of a cornice, visible to an observer.What is fascia made up of? ›
Fascia is a stringy, white substance made mostly of collagen. Collagen is a type of protein that provides strength and flexibility. Fascia is soft, loose and made up of multiple layers. A liquid called hyaluronan is between each layer.Where is the fascia located on a house? ›
The fascia board is the one mounted at the point where the roof meets the outer walls of the house and is often called the ROOFLINE. However most people refer to it by the name of the main board that carries the gutter – the fascia or fascias.
Fascia vs. Soffit (What's the Difference?) - YouTubeShould fascia boards be sealed? ›
Fascia boards attach to rafter ends along the roof line. If you don't seal them properly, water can run off the roof and into your home. If water gets trapped behind the exterior walls, it can cause structural damage that you won't see right away. So seal the gaps in your fascia to prevent costly repairs later.What is a fascia quizlet? ›
Fascia. Fibrous network between the skin and the underlying muscle and bone. Fascia is composed of 2 layers, superficial and deep. Superficial Fascia. Attached to the skin and is composed of connective tissue containing varying quantities of fat.What is a fascia support? ›
A fascia board is generally a piece of wood installed at the end of the roofline that helps protect your home from the elements.Is a fascia structural? ›
Fascia supports structures in your body. It surrounds tissues and provides shape for muscles, tendons, and joints.How do you install roof fascia? ›
How To Install Fascia - ALONE BY YOURSELF! - YouTubeHow do you repair a roof fascia? ›
How to Replace a Fascia Board and Repair Water Damage - YouTubeWhat is the best fascia material? ›
Typically for fascia boards, cedar and redwood are popular choices given their resistance to rot from excessive moisture. However, if you prime and paint the fascia, then fir, spruce, and pine can also make beautiful choices from a design standpoint.How often should soffits be replaced? ›
There is no definite timetable for replacing a soffit or fascia, but there are some signs that roof repair contractors look for when evaluating your roof's overall health.What is a fascia fascia? ›
Fascia is a thin casing of connective tissue that surrounds and holds every organ, blood vessel, bone, nerve fiber and muscle in place. The tissue does more than provide internal structure; fascia has nerves that make it almost as sensitive as skin. When stressed, it tightens up.
Flashing prevents leaks and protects the deck (the first layer of roofing) and underlayment, which is usually tar paper. Fascia is a flat board or band located on the front of your roof's overhang. It is connected to the trusses or rafters of your home.How do you repair damaged fascia? ›
Repairing Fascia Board - YouTubeWhat is the difference between fascia and eaves? ›
Eaves—The lower edge of a roof (often overhanging beyond the edge of the house). Fascia—A decorative board extending down from the roof edge either at the eave or at the rake. Felt—The bituminous paper used by roofers, usually made of a combination of asphalt and either paper or rags.Are soffits necessary? ›
Soffits have an important job on the outside of a house. They protect the underside of the eaves from moisture and rot. Moisture can cause big problems, not only to the eaves, but also to the attic. In fact, soffits can be essential to a properly vented attic.Should fascia boards be sealed? ›
Fascia boards attach to rafter ends along the roof line. If you don't seal them properly, water can run off the roof and into your home. If water gets trapped behind the exterior walls, it can cause structural damage that you won't see right away. So seal the gaps in your fascia to prevent costly repairs later.Can you replace fascia without removing gutters? ›
There is no way to replace the fascia board without removing the gutters, as the gutters are mounted to the board. So, your roofers will carefully remove the gutters. Typically, the same gutters can be re-installed on the new fascia board, if they are in good condition.What is behind the fascia board? ›
Soffit. The soffit board is tucked away under the fascia board. It is usually the board that you see most of from street level. The soffit can be ventilated to allow the flow of air into the roof area.Do gutters need to be removed to replace a roof? ›
Even when you need your gutters replaced, they shouldn't be removed until after your new roof is installed and the roofers are gone. Instead of removing them, your roofing contractor should take all proper precautions to protect your gutters during the roof replacement process.How do you install gutters without fascia? ›
A home without fascia needs to have gutters attached by roof straps. These straps act as a sling for your gutter. They're fitted to the gutter hanger, and then they are attached directly to the roof.What is the wood under the roof called? ›
The sheathing is the layer of flat wooden boards that attach to your home's rafters or trusses. The most common materials used for sheathing are plywood and oriented strand board (OSB).
Roof Ridge: The roof ridge, or ridge of a roof is the horizontal line running the length of the roof where the two roof planes meet. This intersection creates the highest point on a roof, sometimes referred to as the peak. Hip and ridge shingles are specifically designed for this part of a roof.Do fascias need ventilation? ›
Good airflow is essential under all parts of the roof in order to ward off the condensation that can cause bigger and more expensive issues over time. Fascia boards, meanwhile, come with attached vented soffits that protect the area from rafters and pests.What goes on first soffit or fascia? ›
It also is necessary to complete the soffit before the final course of siding is installed on the wall. Vinyl soffit is designed to be easily installed lengthwise from wall to fascia. Soffit panels are similar to vertical siding. Manufacturers produce both solid and vented panels, as well as combinations of the two.What material is used for fascia boards? ›
Fascia Boards are often made from a wide range of different materials, each posing various advantages and challenges. The most common materials include wood, PVC, fiber cement, vinyl, and aluminum. Wood: Wood is perhaps the most common selection when it comes to designing a fascia board.How do I protect my roof fascia? ›
To protect and prolong the life of your fascia board, there is an option to have it wrapped with aluminum or vinyl material. Ensuring that no water gets to the wood will allow it to last 20 years or more.How do you install roof fascia? ›
How To Install Fascia - ALONE BY YOURSELF! - YouTubeDo gutters cover fascia? ›
Fascia is the siding panel that lives between your gutter and the exterior wall of your house. The fascia board runs alongside the building, hiding outdoor rafters and securing the gutters to your home.